Published: 7 April 2014
Health impacts of climate change: nurses look ahead
The Australian College of Nursing’s (ACN’s) concerns that severe climate events are having a significant impact on the healthcare needs of Australians were reasserted last week with the release of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment climate change impact report, which details the affect climate change is having on people’s health in Australia and around the world.
Older people, the very young and those with chronic diseases are the most vulnerable to extreme weather events such as heatwaves.
Heat-waves, fires, floods and droughts have resulted in higher hospital admissions, mental health problems and increased mortality. For human health, these also translate into increased rates of grief, sickness and misery.
As a result, the ACN is calling for a greater emphasis on helping people and communities manage the mental and physical effects of a changing climate.
Dr Liz Hanna, IPCC report contributor and ACN Climate and Health Community of Interest Leader, said Australia must ensure it has a resilient health care system that’s up to the challenge of coping with increased demand for services, especially over the summer, and must be ready to respond to catastrophic events such as floods and fires.
‘Older people, the very young and people with chronic diseases are particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events,’ says Dr Hanna.
‘As the effects of climate change become even more apparent, it is important that health care professionals, including nurses, are supported to adapt to changing health needs.
‘Nurses and other health professionals will be at the forefront of responding to the health effects of climate change.
‘We must ensure that they have the training, support and resources to respond to the physical and mental effects of extreme weather events.’
Adjunct Professor Debra Thoms, CEO of ACN, said that ACN is also concerned about the impact of climate change around the world. As the Australian member of the International Council of Nurses, ACN is keenly aware of the risk climate change poses to vulnerable populations, where health resources are already under pressure.
‘As part of a global profession, nurses want to see a global response to climate change,’ says Adjunct Professor Thoms.
‘Climate change poses a serious threat to the health of the world’s most vulnerable communities. Higher temperatures, rising food prices, conflicts over resources and the spread of diseases are likely to negatively impact the health of populations already struggling with the consequences of poverty.
‘Climate change is also likely to exacerbate pre-existing health problems and place additional pressures on health care resources, which are already stretched thin due to the rising costs of health care and an ageing population.’