In this issue

Issue 102

Mixed plantings tap soils at two levels
Research has shown that different eucalypt species planted as part of a whole-farm approach to managing waterlogging and salinity in the Western Australian wheat belt help dry the soil in different ways.
PDF file Download Article

Keeping sightseers at bay
A study of interactions between wildlife and tourists at Montague Island, NSW, has provided some common-sense management solutions.
PDF file Download Article

New agriculture needed to combat salinity
There are two sources of salinity in the Murray-Darling Basin: irrigation-induced salinity and dryland salinity. Both have arisen because of the enormous changes made in the landscape to accommodate European style of agriculture.
PDF file Download Article

Uncovering the enemy within
A large project is developing a system for forecasting both weather and air pollution at a suburban scale. The system will have the potential to be linked to a model that simulates individual exposure to air pollution during normal daily activities. This will enable the prediction of typical exposure to all particulate matter, both indoors and out.
PDF file Download Article

What price biodiversity?
Putting an economic value on biodiversity is a complex challenge involving both scientific and economic tools. Aware that biodiversity is a dwindling and often unappreciated resource, a group of scientists is developing principles and methods for objectively valuing biodiversity.
PDF file Download Article

The rise and rise of resistance
It is only 50 years since antibiotics were hailed as miracle drugs against potentially fatal bacterial infections. However, a new breed of 'superbugs' resistant to many antibiotics is on the rise. The rise has been aided by our inability to internationally regulate antibiotic use in animal husbandry and human medicine. Of particular concern are antibiotics used for 'growth promotion' in the intensive production of cattle, poultry and pigs.
PDF file Download Article

Hydro therapy
Water flows to the Barmah-Millewa Forest have been set to the demands of irrigated agriculture and only partially to the natural rise and fall of the Murray River. This has reduced the frequency, depth and extent of natural flooding, while increasing the duration of non-flood periods and unnatural flooding in summer. It is now recognised that the entire ecology of the floodplain is linked to river flows. River management committees are now considering how extra water might be made available, and how to manage water released for the best ecological outcome.
PDF file Download Article

What makes sources sinks?
The uptake and release of carbon dioxide at land and sea is complicated by erratic phases of the global climate system. Researchers believe they have discovered where most of extra carbon comes from during La Nina events, and where it goes - or remains - during El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events, as well as identifying the major mechanisms responsible for the variation in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels from year to year.
PDF file Download Article

Deconstructing ENSO
Researchers first noted a connection between carbon dioxide and El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events in 1976. Analysis of 40 years of data has since revealed a complex but consistent relationship between ENSO events and atmospheric carbon dioxide anomalies - in particular, a sharp decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide just before the onset of ENSO events, followed by a 'rebound' effect.
PDF file Download Article

A therapeutic role for viruses
Modified animal cold viruses (adenoviruses) that transport natural immune boosting molecules into cells have the potential to improve the health and growth of livestock raised under intensive conditions.
PDF file Download Article

Past Issues



January 2015


December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014

Past Years

2010 to 2013
2000 to 2009
1990 to 1999
1980 to 1989
1974 to 1979

ECOS Archive

Welcome to the ECOS Archive site which brings together 40 years of sustainability articles from 1974-2014.

For more recent ECOS articles visit the blog. You can also sign up to the email alert or RSS feed